Q&A: What is the difference between catabolism and anabolism?

Catabolism refers to the breakdown of macromolecules into smaller molecules. This breakdown generates energy for cellular operation, and that some of these smaller molecules are important as building blocks of life.

In contrast, anabolism refers to the energy that drives the synthesis of macromolecules that form the cell.

These two processes are the two major processes in cell that enable precise control for survival, growth and reproduction.